There are two styles of meditation. The first, is to try to focus our attention on a single object. The second is to monitor our attention in a moment-by-moment experience. Both of them could be viewed as an attentional training and a possible way to cultivate our well-being. Focused attention meditation is not a passive work. You must constantly and actively monitor the quality of your attention. You must constantly and actively monitor the quality of your attention. In our normal lives, attention jumps from an object to object, without any work. Monitoring implies to recognize that attention wanders away. Then, you must consciously refocus your attention to the chosen object.
Science & Mindfulness Meditation
There are different and specific neural systems associated with meditation. These systems are the neural network for some cognitive functions:
- Conflict monitoring (cingulate cortex, prefrontal cortex).
- Selective attention (temporoparietal junction, prefrontal cortex).
- Sustained attention (right frontal cortex; prefrontal cortex).
HOW TO MEDITATE
- SIT UP WITH YOUR BACK “STRAIGHT RIGHT”.
- FOCUS, FOCUS, FOCUS ON EXPIRATION.
- STAY WITH FIVE MINUTES EVERYDAY: AT LEAST THREE MONTHS!!
- DON’T TRY TO GET THE PRIZE. IT’S NOT A COMPETITION WITH YOURSELF.
Corbetta, M., & Shulman, G. L. (2002). Control of goal-directed and stimulus-driven attention in the brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 3(3), 201-215. doi:10.1038/nrn755
Posner, M. I., & Rothbart, M. K. (2007). Research on Attention Networks as a Model for the Integration of Psychological Science. Annual Review of Psychology, 58(1), 1-23. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.58.110405.085516
Weissman, D. H., Roberts, K. C., Visscher, K. M., & Woldorff, M. G. (2006). The neural bases of momentary lapses in attention. Nature Neuroscience, 9(7), 971-978. doi:10.1038/nn1727
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